Area of Inquiry #2: Effective Practices & Programming

1. Advancing research & programming efforts: identifying promising & effective practices within early care & education settings

Identifying salient aspects of early care & education providers & programs to promote the development & learning of young DLLs across domains, including:
  • characteristics/features of early childhood settings & staff needed to effectively support young DLLs & the needs of their families
  • effective or promising practices (i.e., strategies, interventions) across the diversity of settings (e.g., center‐based, family child care, kith‐and‐kin care, home‐based, monolingual or multi‐lingual)
  • factors that mediate or moderate the effects of promising features & practices in early care & education settings on young DLLs (e.g., family‐, caregiver‐ & teacher‐level processes)
  • standards & policies to support the implementation of effective practices
  • research needed to fill gaps in knowledge regarding how young DLLs & their families can be supported by public policies as well as early care & education settings & providers
  • approaches to training & educating early childhood providers & teachers to effectively implement appropriate practices for DLL children

2. Uncovering families’ experiences with early care & education settings:  families’ choices of early care & education, family factors & processes

Documenting DLL families’ access to & utilization of early care & education, by identifying:
  • how state‐ & local‐level systems & programs can ensure access for DLL families to child care subsidies and/or high‐quality care settings
  • effective or promising strategies for providing DLL families with meaningful information regarding child care options
  • effective or promising practices for sharing information with parents (i.e., child care options, health, school involvement, literacy)
  • effective or promising & ineffective practices for involving/engaging families in early care & education programs
  • families’ experiences of & strategies for locating early care & education arrangements
Illustrating family factors & processes related to promoting young children’s overall development & learning, including:
  • key features of DLL families that might shape their experiences with early childhood settings, such as:
    • beliefs, perceptions, or expectations related to early childhood education or care providers
    • demographic factors such as parent education, home language use, language proficiency, or information sources
  • beliefs & practices to support their children’s development and learning
  • parent involvement activities & interactions with their children’s caregivers
  • attitudes about parenting, parenting practices, & parenting styles